Dachshund Health Issues: How To Care For Your Pup

Do you want to know some of the common Dashchund health issues? In today’s post, you will learn tips on caring for your Dachshund pup.
Dachshunds are adorable, long-bodied dogs known for their distinctive appearance, but they are also prone to certain health issues that potential owners should be aware of. These issues primarily stem from their unique body structure and genetics.
Therefore, you should Schedule regular veterinary visits for vaccinations, check-ups, and preventive care. In addition, Dachshunds need a series of vaccinations to protect against common diseases.
Let’s look at the common Dachshund health issues and how to take care of your pup.

Common Health Problems in Dachshunds

Here are the common health problems in Dachshunds:

1) Skeletal Issues
Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD)
Intervertebral disk disease is a prevalent issue in Dachshunds, closely linked to their unique body shape. IVDD can lead to spinal disc degeneration and, if left untreated, even paralysis. Watch out for symptoms like stiffness, dragging hind legs, pain during movement, heightened sensitivity, and decreased activity.
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia, a genetic condition, can cause difficulty in movement and lameness in the hind legs. Elbow dysplasia presents similarly but affects the forelimbs.
Patellar Luxation
Patellar luxation is the dislocation of the kneecap, commonly found in small dog breeds like Dachshunds. Affected dogs may carry the affected leg for short periods, and it’s essential to have a professional address this issue.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
This orthopedic disease primarily affects toy and miniature dog breeds, including Dachshunds. It leads to trouble walking, standing up, and climbing stairs in affected dogs.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Brittle Bone Disease)
OI affects the dog’s ability to produce collagen, making bones and teeth more fragile. In Dachshunds, it’s a recessive trait, meaning both parents must carry the mutated gene for offspring to develop this condition.

2) Teeth Issues
Dachshunds, especially Miniature Dachshunds, are prone to rapid tooth decay and periodontal diseases due to their small jaws, leading to teeth crowding and plaque buildup.

3) Eye Problems
Dachshunds are susceptible to various eye conditions, particularly in their senior years. These include cataracts, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), which can lead to vision impairment and blindness.
It is also important to note that Double Dapple Dachshunds are at high risk of vision and hearing impairment due to the dapple gene. This can affect eye and ear formation and function.

4) Skin Issues
Dachshunds have three coat varieties: smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired. Each requires specific grooming needs because they are all prone to getting skin issues.
Here are some of the common skin issues:

Color Dilution Alopecia (CDA)
CDA affects Blue or Isabella Dachshunds, causing hair thinning, patchy hair loss, itchy and flaky skin. Proper care is essential to prevent bacterial infections and sunburn.

Acanthosis Nigricans (AN)
AN is a pigmentation disorder, primarily affecting Dachshunds. It causes darkening and thickening of the skin in armpits, legs, and groin. Treating the underlying condition can help manage AN.

5) Cardiac Diseases
Cardiac diseases affects the heart. Here are some of the common cardiovascular issues in Dachshunds:

Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease (DMVD)
DMVD is common in small breeds like Dachshunds, usually affecting dogs ages eight to ten. Symptoms include a distinctive heart murmur.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
PDA is a congenital heart defect more common in Dachshunds than larger breeds. It can lead to breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, and stunted growth.

6) Stomach Problems
Dachshunds can experience stomach issues due to their low stature and sensitivity to weather conditions. Stomach cramps and food allergies are common concerns.

Bloat (Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus)
Bloat can be life-threatening, involving stomach swelling and potential twisting. If you recognize the symptoms like a swollen abdomen and rapid heartbeat, seek immediate veterinary care.
How To Care For Dachshund Your Pup
To care and protect your Dachshund:

  • Handle them gently, supporting both their armpits and hips when lifting.
  • Monitor their weight to prevent excess stress on their back and legs.
  • Limit activities that stress their back, like jumping on furniture or climbing stairs.
  • Brush their teeth regularly and provide dental chews for oral hygiene.
  • Consult your veterinarian for advice regarding the optimal diet for your dog’s specific requirements.
  • Rotate their toys regularly to keep them engaged and prevent boredom.
  • Consider using ramps or steps for your pup to access furniture and beds safely.
  • Provide toys that challenge their problem-solving skills, such as puzzle toys and treat dispensers.
  • Ensure your pup gets plenty of socialization to prevent anxiety and aggression by setting up play dates and visiting the park.
  • Clean your pup’s ears regularly, but be gentle to avoid causing harm. If you notice signs of an infection, consult your vet promptly.
  • Daily walks and interactive playtime.
  • Regular brushing, especially for long-haired Dachshunds, helps prevent matting and keeps their coat healthy.
  • Consider enrolling in obedience classes to help your pup become a well-mannered companion.

Dachshunds are adorable and faithful pets, but their unique physique makes them susceptible to many health conditions.
Adopting a proactive approach to caring for your Dachshund and maintaining a thorough understanding of their breed requirements will effectively promote a prolonged and contented existence for your canine companion.
We hope this post helped you learn more about Dachshund’s health issues.